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Kevin Ashton: a century of IOT is also a century of China

Abstract: what is IOT? What is machine intelligence like in the IOT era? What role does China play in the era of IOT? On December 7, kevinashton, founder of MIT automatic identification center, known as the "father of IOT", shared his views at the 2017 world Intelligent Manufacturing Conference

what is IOT? What is machine intelligence like in the IOT era? What role does China play in the era of IOT? On December 7, kevinashton, founder of MIT automatic identification center, known as the "father of IOT", shared his views at the 2017 world Intelligent Manufacturing Conference. He believed that "the century of IOT is the century of China". The following is the content of his speech. The selected text has been deleted and has not been reviewed by me:

we can see from our own long and short beard in a mirror that we can completely use the discipline of Mechanical Engineering (Level 1 discipline) without any intelligent a; Experimental machine (Level 2 discipline); Material testing machine - name of material testing machine (Level 2 discipline) PP, this is not what we call IOT, this is just a gimmick, just an application. If you come here today and think or even mistakenly think that this is IOT, I want to tell you that this is not the content of IOT, and this is not the focus of our attention in the future

what is the real IOT? Next, let's take a moment to analyze that the world we live in is full of data and information. For example, how many people are there in this conference room today? What is the indoor temperature? What are people doing? What is the physical structure of our ceiling and wall? If we analyze it one by one, we will get a lot of information. Why do we have so little information today? The information in the computer system is a very small part of the information in our world. This is why when the computer was invented, it was also in the 20th century that people obtained information by typing and inputting information on the keyboard. The data of the 20th century is the information input by human beings. At that time, it was difficult for people to obtain the information in the real world, because many things could not be perceived by lovers, and many information changed rapidly. So if we want to get real-world information, we need not only people, but also computers. We need better equipment, which is called sensors, and sensors have been around for a long time. Therefore, we need to combine sensors and IOT, and get real-time information from sensors. In this way, we can get more timely information. Only by connecting sensors in the network can we really play a role. We have many sensors, such as our sense of smell. If we cut this organ apart, it is difficult to obtain specific information. Only when it is integrated into the human body system and processed by our brain, can we make correct decisions and create real value. We see that the Internet of things and the Internet are booming. Without analysis, it is difficult to make use of them

in the 21st century, we analyze all kinds of objects or display courseware, that is, people analyze the information entered by people. In the future, with IOT, data will not only be automatically input, but also automatically analyzed. So we take this wall as information, and then use our mechanical learning ability, or AI, to analyze it through computing in the computer, and finally reach some decisions

in 2017, such decisions can be made in two ways: the system tells people what to do, or the system tells machines what to do. No matter what kind of information execution method, it will lead to changes in the world. No matter small changes or big changes, it is based on the fact that IOT takes the road of technology patenting, patent standardization and standard internationalization. This is IOT. The Internet of things can automatically capture and analyze information and make decisions to change our world

let me give you a simple example. Camera heads, especially security camera heads, have existed in various forms for decades. Before the IOT, people must stare at the images themselves to transmit pictures. Generally, security personnel sit on the screen and stare at the images. In other words, the students are admitted in advance, and then follow-up analysis is carried out. The general staff should observe and analyze the pictures. In the world of IOT, we capture information digitally, so we no longer need people to analyze pictures. The well-known face recognition is only a case of how the mechanical learning ability is applied to data analysis. This is object analysis, this is a new way, and this is a further technology of face recognition. Through this technology, we can know what this is, and then we can predict what this object will do, that is, action prediction. If someone has a problem on the street, whether it is a broken down car, a crime, or a traffic accident, the algorithm can predict everything in advance and warn the surrounding people. This is a good application example of IOT

today's security equipment no longer needs to be seen by people, but is to be seen by operations, algorithms and let algorithms make decisions. For example, in an driverless car, there is a sensor on the car. The algorithm keeps calculating the pictures captured by the camera, and then makes a decision. It can be said that the final decision on whether to brake or steer the car is based on the information captured by the camera and the operation of the algorithm. This is a complete IOT cycle. After the driverless vehicles, there are many other large vehicles that are unmanned. For example, our large passenger cars and trucks transporting goods will also be transferred to the national copper, lead and zinc quality inspection center in the future to become unmanned with the construction of public service platform as the starting point. This will greatly change our supply chain. After that, the drivers will be liberated. Such driverless cars can drive around the clock. Such cars can improve our efficiency. This is the case of a Japanese driverless truck operating in a mining plant in Western Australia. It is very expensive to hire a driver to drive in new Australia. If an driverless truck is used, it will greatly improve efficiency and reduce costs. This is a mine owned by Rio Tinto. They bought 200 8-meter-high driverless transport vehicles

what can IOT do? What will happen in the future? This is a difficult question to answer because IOT is everywhere. The intelligence in your pocket basically has eight to ten sensors connected to the Internet, such as cameras, microphones, fingerprint recognition, temperature sensing, GPS. It can even sense your pulse and heartbeat. It can also feel the ventricular pressure generated in your body and know whether you are walking or not. This is a very interesting summary

then it is no longer a, no longer a, no longer a computer. It has many sensors. It is a kind of sensor in our pocket, or IOT. A revolution in the 21st century is the connected data chain. In 2000, a quarter of the people had it, but now there are more than people. This is the IOT. Not only, for example, health equipment, we can also use this image recognition system to see how many calories this food has. In addition, there is a very interesting thing that we can use to diagnose our diseases. This is a 1000 yuan device that can diagnose lung diseases. It is used in many parts of the world. We can diagnose lung diseases only by blowing into the air, with an accuracy rate of more than 95%. Therefore, this is not only a sensor, but also an IOT application

let's look at Bangladesh. This is a country that uses sweaty engineering to make crafts. Why do we use cheap labor to produce? Because the cloth may not be easy to handle, we still need people. Maybe robots can't make clothes, but we can use sensors to make clothes. This one is the automatic sewing robot in the United States, which cuts clothes. What benefits does this technology bring us? Next, let's look at the economy. If the cost of making a T-shirt manually in the United States is $7.47, Bangladesh only needs $0.22, and the cost of automatically cutting robots only needs $0.33, which is why all countries, especially China, are committed to developing the intelligent manufacturing we are talking about today. If the manufacturing industry is not intelligent, it will soon lose its competitiveness. To give you an example of football, the German IOT company used a software to study hundreds of hours of football matches, and then used the weakness of the Brazilian team to win the game

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I want to ask you a question: how does China rank in the era of IOT? This slide is very interesting. In the 20th century, the United States was the world's largest country in science and technology, and the personal computer era was the era of the United States. It can be seen that the United States led the world in high-tech exports. When we entered the era of IOT, about 2000, things changed. China exported more high-tech products very quickly, including many related to IOT, and it surpassed the United States. In 2004, China surpassed the United States to become the world's leading high-tech exporter, and it has been in a leading position. As you can see today, China is by far the largest high-tech exporter in the world. The United States, once the largest country in the world, has actually fallen behind. Its export volume in the era of IOT is 75% less than that in the era of PC. Germany is also behind China. So let's think about what IOT has brought to China? IOT is a factor leading the world, so the century of IOT is also a century of China

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